Antithrombin – ATIII Paired Antibody Set
Affinity’s Antithrombin – ATIII Paired Antibody Set consists of matched capture and detecting antibodies that have been titrated and optimized for use in sandwich style ELISA assays. The product as provided contains sufficient capture and detecting antibodies for five full 96-well microplates and contains a detailed protocol sheet containing directions for use, recipes for solutions and sources for additional materials required. This Antithrombin – ATIII Paired Antibody Set is intended to facilitate the end user in establishing an “in-house” immunoassay for research purposes only and must not be used for diagnostic applications. Assay validation is the responsibility of the end user.
Description of Antithrombin
Antithrombin, also known as Antithrombin III (ATIII), is a member of the SERPIN family of proteinase inhibitors and the primary inhibitor of thrombin in plasma. It is produced in the liver and circulates in plasma at ~200 μg/ml (~3.5 μM). Antithrombin inhibits a broad spectrum of serine proteases including thrombin, activated forms of factor X, factor IX, factor XI, factor XII, as well as kallikrein, plasmin and urokinase. Enzyme inhibition by antithrombin occurs through proteolytic cleavage at Arg385-Ser386 and subsequent rapid formation of a stable, inactive 1:1 enzyme-antithrombin complex. Heparin has a profound accelerating effect on the inhibitory activity of antithrombin towards some enzymes. For example, the rate of inhibition of thrombin and activated factor X is increased 1000-fold in the presence of optimal concentrations of heparin, whereas heparin has relatively little effect on the inhibition rate of activated factor XI, activated factor XII and kallikrein. Antithrombin is a single chain molecule with a molecular weight of 59 kDa. Interaction with thrombin results in an SDS-stable thrombin-antithrombin complex of 96 kDa1-3.