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领域研究专题:氧化应激检测试剂盒
2021-02-04 70 分享到:

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Arbor Assays Oxidative Stress Assay Kits

什么是氧化应激?

氧化应激被广泛定义为活性氧(ROS)或自由基的产生与细胞抗氧化防御的消除之间的不平衡。不受控制的氧化应激的后果可能导致对对细胞结构和功能至关重要的生物分子的氧化损伤。1,2


幸运的是,强大的氧化应激反应机制已经进化,以保护生物体免受生物系统中氧化压力的破坏性影响。然而,不受控制的氧化应激与多种病理生理学和与年龄相关的疾病有关,了解氧化应激在健康和疾病中的作用是许多生物医学研究计划的共同目标。3


Arbor Assays提供了测量关键氧化应激生物标志物的状态和活性的工具。例如,我们的谷胱甘肽和过氧化氢检测试剂盒是最简单、最灵敏的检测试剂盒,可帮助研究人员更好地监测氧化应激的机制和反应。


氧化应激相关试剂盒:

Catalase Colorimetric Activity Kit

Catalase Fluorescent Activity Kit
Ceruloplasmin Colorimetric Activity KitDNA Damage ELISA Kit
Formaldehyde Fluorescent Detection KitFRAP™ (Ferric Reducing Antioxidant Power) Detection Kit
Glutathione (GSH) Colorimetric Cuvette Detection KitGlutathione (GSH) Colorimetric Detection Kit
Glutathione (GSH) Fluorescent Detection KitGlutathione (GSH) Fluorescent Detection Kit (384-Well Plate)
Glutathione Reductase (GR) Fluorescent Activity KitGlutathione S-Transferase (GST) Fluorescent Activity Kit
Hemoglobin Colorimetric Detection KitHemoglobin High Sensitivity Colorimetric Detection Kit
Hydrogen Peroxide (H2O2) Colorimetric Detection KitHydrogen Peroxide (H2O2) Fluorescent Detection Kit
Myeloperoxidase (MPO) Human ELISA KitNitric Oxide (NO) Colorimetric Detection Kit
Superoxide Dismutase (SOD) Colorimetric Activity KitTBARS/MDA Universal Colorimetric Detection Kit
Thiol Fluorescent Detection Kit


Oxidative Stress FAQs

iStock-671061930.jpgWhat are free radicals?

Free radicals, including reactive oxygen species (ROS), are molecules with one or more unpaired electrons. Production of free radicals is a normal part of life, and moderate concentrations are involved in a number of signaling pathways, synthesis of cellular structures, and host defense against pathogens. Free radicals arise as byproducts of normal metabolic processes or from external sources such as radiation, cigarette smoke and pesticides.

Excessive or unchecked ROS production can cause cellular damage and is implicated in a variety of pathologic and age-related conditions. Examples of potentially damaging free radicals include:

  • Superoxide (O2-•),

  • Hydroxyl radical (•OH)

  • Nitric oxide radical (NO)

  • Hydrogen peroxide (H2O2),

How do free radicals affect the body?

Biological systems produce free radicals during normal metabolic processes, and cells also produce antioxidants that neutralize excess free radicals. Under normal circumstances, the body is able to maintain a balance between antioxidants and free radicals.

Excessive oxidative stress can lead to an imbalance of free radicals and antioxidants. Subsequent oxidative damage occurs to proteins, lipids, and DNA, which could lead to cytotoxicity, genotoxicity, and even carcinogenesis when damaged (mutated) cells proliferate. Uncontrolled oxidative stress can accelerate the aging process and may contribute to the development of a number of pathologic conditions.

Several factors contribute to oxidative stress and excess free radical production including diet, lifestyle, and environmental conditions. The body’s natural immune response can also trigger oxidative stress temporarily. This type of oxidative stress causes mild inflammation while the immune system fights off infection or repairs an injury.

What are antioxidants?

Antioxidants are substances that neutralize or remove free radicals by donating an electron. The neutralizing effect of antioxidants helps protect biological systems from oxidative stress. Examples of antioxidants include vitamins A, C, and E. Cells can also produce endogenous antioxidants such as glutathione (GSH).

What are the effects of oxidative stress?

Oxidative stress that results from physical activity has beneficial, regulatory effects on the body. Free radicals formed during physical activity regulate tissue growth and stimulate the production of antioxidants. Mild oxidative stress may also protect the body from infection and diseases.

However, long-term uncontrolled oxidative stress damages the body’s cells, proteins, and DNA. This can contribute to aging and may play an important role in the development of a range of conditions. Most notably, oxidative stress can cause chronic inflammation. Under normal circumstances, infections and injuries trigger the body’s immune response producing free radicals while fighting off invading germs. These free radicals can also damage healthy cells, leading to inflammation. Oxidative stress can also trigger the inflammatory response, which produces more free radicals leading to further oxidative stress, creating a cycle.  Chronic inflammation from oxidative stress may lead to several conditions, including neurodegenerative diseases, diabetes, cardiovascular disease, and arthritis.

What conditions are linked to oxidative stress?

Oxidative stress may play a role in the development of a range of conditions, including:

  • Cancer

  • Alzheimer’s disease

  • Parkinson’s disease

  • Diabetes

  • Cardiovascular conditions such as high blood pressure, atherosclerosis, and stroke

  • Inflammatory disorders

  • Chronic fatigue syndrome

  • Asthma

  • Male infertility

How is oxidative stress measured?

Understanding the role ROS play in health and disease is a common goal of many biomedical researchers. The level of oxidative stress can be determined by measuring the quantity of free radicals, ROS, antioxidants, or the activity of cellular mechanisms deployed to control levels of oxidative stress.  Arbor Assays offers a variety of oxidative stress kits to help answer your most challenging questions about oxidative stress mechanisms.

Page Sources:
  1. Betteridge, D. J. (2000). What is oxidative stress? Metabolism, 49, 3–8.

  2. Sies, H., & Jones, D. P. (2007). Oxidative stress. Encyclopedia of Stress, 45–48.

  3. Liquori, I., et al. (2018). Oxidative stress, aging, and diseases. Clinical Interventions in Aging, 13, 757–772.


ARBOR ASSAYS KITS FOR YOUR RESEARCH – EXPECT ASSAY ARTISTRY

▪ 所有产品均在密歇根州安阿伯开发和制造

▪ 每个试剂盒最多进行过200次质量分析

▪ 按照美国或国际标准校准